Algeria was the very first country in Africa to apply a Feed-in Tariff scheme for renewable energy. In August 2004, a national program for the promotion of renewable energy was launched: it obliges Sonelgaz, the national public energy operator, to buy energy from renewable sources through a commercial contract. However, this policy failed: it did not lead to any renewable power plant construction.
South Africa is the main electricity producer in Africa (and the 17th worldwide) with 256 TWh generated in 2013. Currently, more than 90% of its electricity is generated using coal, whose reserves amount to 30 billion tons (end 2014). This ranks the country among the top ten in the world and in top position in Africa. The production of electricity from coal-power stations is highly polluting (40% of greenhouse gas of the continent comes from South Africa), hence, the government showed in the 2000s a strong willingness to reduce its CO2 emission and to develop a local renewable energy production.