2015 was the year of clean energy with worldwide investment and generation skyrocketing, shows the new report launched by REN21
By far the most populous country of Africa (with 177 million inhabitants in 2014), and consequently the first GDP of the continent, Nigeria is a member of the OPEP and has a large amount of oil resources, which represents the major part of its economy. The rest of the GDP is mainly divided between the agriculture sector and artisanal production. The electrification rate of the country is rather low: in 2012, only 55.6% of the population had access to electricity. The lack of infrastructure affects mainly the rural and poor populations. To overcome the inexistence and the low reliability of the electricity distribution in several areas of the country, the rural populations invest in diesel generators, which are expensive and polluting.
Algeria was the very first country in Africa to apply a Feed-in Tariff scheme for renewable energy. In August 2004, a national program for the promotion of renewable energy was launched: it obliges Sonelgaz, the national public energy operator, to buy energy from renewable sources through a commercial contract. However, this policy failed: it did not lead to any renewable power plant construction.
South Africa is the main electricity producer in Africa (and the 17th worldwide) with 256 TWh generated in 2013. Currently, more than 90% of its electricity is generated using coal, whose reserves amount to 30 billion tons (end 2014). This ranks the country among the top ten in the world and in top position in Africa. The production of electricity from coal-power stations is highly polluting (40% of greenhouse gas of the continent comes from South Africa), hence, the government showed in the 2000s a strong willingness to reduce its CO2 emission and to develop a local renewable energy production.